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Appearance:  Birch is typically culled out into two categories with the following characteristics: Yellow Birch (which consists mainly of the sapwood) has a creamy pale yellow nature while the Red Birch (which consists mostly of heartwood) has a light reddish brown tinge. “Curly” birch has a distinct characteristic where the wood looks wavy. This is […]


Appearance: Hickory has an eye-catching grain and is a very durable wood.  Its color, which varies from cream colors to brown, turns more amber over time. Hickory is one of the  heaviest of American hardwoods.  Grain: High in character, with ingrown bark and mineral streaks. Most commonly used in flooring as end-grain block, which has […]


Appearance: Heartwood is creamy white to light reddish brown; sapwood is pale to creamy white.  Grain: Closed, subdued grain, with medium figuring and uniform texture. Occasionally shows quilted, fiddleback, curly or bird’s-eye figuring. Figured boards often culled during grading and sold at a premium. Has a medium to high iridescent luster. Hardness: Janka: 1450; (12% […]

Red Oak

Appearance: Heartwood and sapwood are similar, with sapwood lighter in color; most pieces have a reddish tone. Slightly redder than white oak. Grain: Open, slightly coarser (more porous) than white oak. Plain sawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; rift sawn has a tighter grain pattern, low figuring; quarter sawn has a flake […]

White Oak

Appearance: Heartwood is light brown; some boards may have a pinkish tint or a slight grayish cast. Sapwood is white to cream. Grain: Open, with longer rays than red oak. Occasional crotches, swirls and burls. Plain sawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; rift sawn has a tighter grain pattern, low figuring; quarter […]

Engineered Wood Floor

Engineered Wood Flooring is a product that consists of layers of wood press-glued together, with the grains running in different directions. This makes the wood more dimensionally stable than solid wood floors and slightly more resistant to moisture. There is a top layer of “finish” wood (usually 1/16” to 1/8” thick) that is glued to […]

Laminate Floor

Laminate Flooring is not engineered wood. To make laminate floors, the manufacturer takes several synthetic and natural materials (such as resin and wood fiber) and compacts them under high pressure. An image of wood patterns is printed on the surface to make it appear like wood. The flooring is then cut into planks, with tongue […]